1 - Check if you meet the conditions

2 - Prepare the file

3 - Apply

4 - After the application

5 - In case of refusal

6 - You need help?

1 - Check if you meet the conditions

  • Please note : Naturalization is not a right. Even if you meet the conditions, it may be refused.

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Age

  • You must be at least 18 years old.
  • If you have children under 18 residing with you (including alternate residence) and who are not married, you can apply for them to be naturalized with you. They must still be under 18 years of age on the date of the naturalization decree.

Residence in France

  • You must be in regular/legal status at the time of application (but you may have been in an irregular situation in the past).
  • You must live in France at the time of the request.
  • You must have 5 years of habitual and continued residence in France (living in France means stable work, main income, spouse and children in France).
  • The 5-year requirement is reduced to 2 years in certain cases, especially if you have successfully completed 2 years of graduate studies in France.
  • There are no conditions of duration in certain cases, particularly if:
    • You served in the French army
    • Or you have refugee status in France
    • Or you are a citizen of a country where French is an official language, and French is your mother tongue, or you have had at least 5 years of schooling in a French language institution in that country.

Assimilation to French society

2 - Prepare the file

3 - Apply

4 - After the application

Steps

  • If your file is complete, you will receive a receipt.
  • You will have an interview at the prefecture.
  • The decision is made within a maximum period of 18 months (or 1 year if you have been a resident in France for at least 10 years). The administration may extend the period by 3 months.
  • The procedure is in 2 steps:
    • The admissibility decision (you fulfill the conditions or not)
    • The final decision (you become French or not)

Positive decision

  • If the final decision is positive, you receive a letter, and you become French on the date of the naturalization order.

Negative decision

  • If the decision is negative (decision on admissibility or final decision), you will receive a letter explaining the reasons for the refusal.

5 - In case of refusal

  • You can challenge each refusal (decision of admissibility and final decision).
  • You must first write to the Minister (initial appeal). The refusal letter tells you where you need to send your appeal.
  • If the Minister confirms the refusal by mail, or if he / she remains silent for 4 months (this means refusal), you can appeal to the administrative court against this new refusal.
  • You have 2 months to undertake this appeal.
  • If you wish to appeal, we advise you to contact a lawyer (contact details of the lawyers on the website of the National Bar Council -CNB-).

6 - You need help?